After severe burns, patients sometimes require skin grafts. A skin graft is a procedure where the surgeon removes skin from one area of your body and then transplants it to another area of your body. According to Healthline, most skin grafts occur with the use of general anesthesia.
When it comes to skin grafts, there are two types. One is the full-thickness graft and the other is the split-thickness graft.
What is the full-thickness graft?
For a full-thickness graft, surgeons use the abdomen, forearm, collarbone or groin as the donor site. They remove the epidermis and dermis from that area. After the surgeons remove the pieces of skin, they can stitch the site closed by pulling the skin together and stapling or stitching it.
Doctors use these grafts for small wounds or wounds that are visible on the body. The point of a full-thickness graft is to blend into the skin around it. This means that they will use smaller pieces of skin so that it is easier to close the wound.
What is the split-thickness graft?
A split-thickness graft is for large areas of the body. They are more fragile and may look shiny or smooth. They may also look pale compared to the rest of the skin. For children who receive these grafts, they may require more as they age because the skin does not grow well.
During the procedure, the surgeon will remove the top layer of skin and a portion of the dermis. Often, doctors use the abdomen, back, outer thigh or buttocks for the harvested skin.